AfterNow Bibliography

Note to Readers


My home base is the nonprofit I founded in 2000.  NewStories —

For this book, NewStories has developed a companion website — www.AfterNow.Today


Books and Articles

Gersick, C. J. G. (1991). Revolutionary change theories: A multilevel exploration of the punctuated equilibrium paradigm. Academy of Management Review.

Stilger, B. (2015). 未来が見えなくなったとき、僕たちは何を語ればいいのだろう――震災後日本の「コミュニティ再生」への挑戦 – When We Cannot See the Future, Where Do We Begin? (Japanese). Tokyo: Eiji Press.

Tainter, J. A. (1988). The Collapse of Complex Societies. New York: Cambridge.

Wheatley, M. (2017). Who Do We Choose to Be? Facing Reality, Claiming Leadership, Restoring Sanity. Oakland: Berrett-Koehler: Oakland.

Chapter 1

Books and Articles

Arrien, A. The Four-Fold Way: Walking the Paths of the Warrior, Teacher, Healer, and Visionary (1992). New York: HarperCollins.

McAdam, D., McCarthy, J. D., & Zald, M. N. (Eds.). (1996). Comparative Perspectives on Social Movements: Political Opportunities, Mobilizing Structures, and Cultural Framings. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Nonaka, I., & Nishiguchi, T. (2001). Knowledge emergence: social, technical, and evolutionary dimensions of knowledge creation. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press.

Scharmer, C. O. (2009). Theory U: Leading from the Future as It Emerges. Oakland, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

Stilger, R. (2007). Enspirited Leadership: Landmarks for Uncertain Times. Available at

Stilger, R., & Dunford, A. (2009). Alive in Community.  Available at


For from 2000 – 2011, much of my work was in partnership with The Berkana Institute where I served for five years as Co-President.  Berkana was founded in 1992 by Margaret Wheatley and Myron Kellner Rogers after Meg wrote Leadership in the New Sciences —

In 2000, Berkana, along with NewStories and PeerSpirit launched a global leadership initiative called From the Four Directors, which brought together a number of people using different approaches to support dialogue and conversation.  Many of these people, with a great deal of leadership from Toke Moeller of Denmark, went on to launch a community and framework called Art of Hosting —

Future Center work in Japan started at the Knowledge Dynamics Institute at Fuji Xerox in 2009 and after the Triple Disasters moved to a new corporation, FutureSessions Inc.  —

In creating Future Centers in Japan, KDI received substantial guidance and support from the Future Center Alliance and KDI hosted the global gathering of the Alliance in 2010 —

Early on with FutureCenter work in Japan, Fujitsu started to ask an amazing question: Whay can Fujitsu Do for People With Dimentia?  See

Bob and his daughter, Annie Stilger Virnig, were invited to do the first ever father/daughter talk at TEDxTokyo in 2010 —

Early this century, Maaianne Knuth felt called to start a learning center in Zimbabwe as a place for new possibilities as the country entered a period of great instability.  Kufunda is amazing —

The Popular Center for Culture and Development started in Brazil almost 30 years ago when people said there must be a better way for our children to learn.  For more than a quarter century it has practiced emergence with rigor —

Chapter 2


In Japan, as well as all over the world, people have become intrigued with the idea that happiness might be a measure of progress —

The KEEP at Kiyosato in Yamanashi Prefecture was the location for my early work in Japan in 2010 and 2011.  More than a venue, it is a space of possibility that has given birth to many dreams —

Chapter 3

Books and Articles

Agerbeck, B., Bird, K., Bradd, S., Shepherd, J., & Stilger, B. (2016). Drawn Together through Visual Practice (1 ed.). Kelvy Bird.

Alexander, C. (1979). The Timeless Way of Building. New York: Oxford University Press.

Atleo, E. R. (2004). Tsawalk: a Nuu-chah-nulth worldview. Vancouver: UBC Press.


Many useful resources, including The Art of Powerful Questions, are available in the World Café Store:

BALLE is a thriving movement to support growth of locally based, independent businesses.

There are now many efforts around the world which recognize waste as our most underutilized resource —

ETIC has been doing extraordinary work in Tohoku since immediately after the disasters —

Appreciative Inquiry, developed by David Cooperrider from Case Western Reserve University in the 90s, is a powerful process used around the world to focus and amplify what we appreciate as a starting point for deep change —

Chapter 4


The idea of “transition” was advanced and popularized by the Transition Network —

Chapter 5

Books and Articles

Lebow, V. (1955). Price competition in 1955. Journal of retailing.  Available at

Stilger, B., Poutnik, S., Seely, K., & Patarroya, Z. (2017). Communities Report: Culture of Health Listening Tour. NewStories. Available at


The Thriving Resilient Communities Collaboratory is a unique venture which brings a number of initiatives across the US into relationship with each other —

Chapter 6

Books and Articles

Kahane, A. (2012). Transformative Scenario Planning: Working Together to Change the Future. Berrett-Koehler Publishers.


A brief history of the Tilth movement is available at The YouTube Video of Wendell Berry and Bob Stilger from 1974 is available at

Ten years ago, the Dinokeng Scenarios helped to make new possibilities in South Africa visible —

Nossa Sao Paulo is a brilliant example of how ideas and aspirations can be made visible —

The Institute for Alternative Futures has been a foundation for many futures initiatives for nearly 40 years —

This reality television show on how to build community with vision, energy and available resources had a galvanizing impact on South Africa —

The ABCD Institute was an early pioneer in the US in help people begin to look and build from their assets rather than simply being preoccupied by their deficits —

In Japan, it was Jimotogaku – learning from the local area – that was the equivalent of ABCD.  Working with what we have is a naturally occurring form —

Started by young architects more than 20 years ago, Institute ELOS was where ABCD naturally occurred in Brazil —

Chapter 7

Books and Articles

Macy, J., & Johnstone, C. (2012). Active Hope: How to Face the Mess We Are In Without Going Crazy. Novato, Calif.: New World Library.

Patton, M. Q. (2010). Developmental Evaluation: Applying Complexity Concepts to Enhance Innovation and Use. NYC: The Guilford Press.

Scharmer, C. O. (2007). Theory U: Leading from the Emerging Future (1st ed.). Cambridge, MA: Society for Organizational Learning.

Snowden, D., & Kurtz, C. F. (2003). The new dynamics of strategy: Sense-making in a complex and complicated world (Volume 42, No. 3).  Available at


The Presencing Institute is a powerful resource for those learning to be fully present to themselves and the world around us —

The Process Works Center of Japan is a gathering point for people learning new ways to engage people around questions and possibilities that matter —


Chapter 8


Miratuku is an important platform for social innovation in Japan —

My blogs from Japan after the disasters, as well as other resources are featured at

For more information about jimotogaku —

Safecast is the world’s most extensive open source radiation monitoring initiative —

Chapter 9

Books and Articles

Harman, W. (1988). Global Mind Change: The Promise of the Last Years of the 20th Century. Indianapolis: Knowledge Systems.

Samuels, R. J. (2013). 3.11: Disaster and Change in Japan (1 ed.). Cornell University Press. 

Chapter 10

Books and Articles

Spretnak, C. (1997). The Resurgence of the Real: Body, Nature and Place in a Hypermodern World. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley


Books and Articles

Putnam, R. D. (2001). Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community (1st ed.). Touchstone Books by Simon & Schuster.

Riesman, D. (1950). The Lonely Crowd. New Haven: Yale University Press.